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Citation Guides (Chicago, APA): Home

Welcome & Additional Assistance

This LibGuide was designed to provide you with assistance in citing your sources when writing a paper or dissertation.

Chicago Style

The Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.) is the default/standard style manual, and specifically, the Notes/Bibliography format of the Chicago Manual of Style, NOT the Author/Date format.

The Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) provides excellent guidance, including a general introduction, a broad overview of the format, a sample essay, as well as numerous formatting examples for books, periodicals, and web sources.

APA Style

With approval from a professor, students may opt to use the APA (American Psychological Association) style guide, especially for essays and dissertations that deal heavily with the social sciences.

The Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) provides excellent guidance, including a general introduction, a broad overview of the format, a sample essay, in-text citation basics, as well as numerous formatting examples for books, periodicals, and web sources.

MLA Style

With approval from a professor, students may opt to use the MLA (Modern Language Association) style guide.

The Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) provides excellent guidance, including a general introduction, a broad overview of the format, a sample essayin-text citation basics, as well as numerous formatting examples for booksperiodicals, and web sources.

Additional Guidance

Review Purdue Online Writing Lab's Citation Style Chart for side-by-side comparison of Chicago, MLA, and APA Styles.

Students researching and writing in Biblical Studies are encouraged to use the SBL Handbook of Style (see the link below), especially for citations of Biblical and Classical sources.

Citation and Research Management Tools abound (see the Citation Management Tab above). Just remember that these programs and services are only as good as the data (metadata) on which they rely. Students are responsible to check the accuracy of citations against the style guide.

Guide Authorship and Copyright Permissions

Creative Commons License
Citation Guides LibGuide by Esteban Aguilar and revised by Christopher Crawford is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.